(European columbine, common columbine, granny's nightcap, granny's bonnet) is a species of columbine native to Europe. It is a flowering herbaceous perennial plant growing to 1.2 m tall, with branched, thinly hairy stems. The leaves are biternate; each leaf has three groups of three leaflets. The flowers, in various shades of purple, blue, pink and white, are pendant or horizontal with hooked spurs, and appear in early summer.
Grow aquilegias in fertile, moist but well-drained soil in sun to partial shade, in the middle of the border.
Fill a full seed tray with peat free compost, water, and then Broadcast the seeds on the surface of the compost.
Mulch annually with well-rotted manure or compost.